doctor to prescribe clomid


“When we explore other worlds, what once seemed the only way a planet could be turns out to be somewhere in the middle range of a vast spectrum of possibilities…” 

― Carl Sagan, Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space


The Carl Sagan Institute (CSI) was founded to find life in the universe. Based on the pioneering work of Carl Sagan at Cornell, our interdisciplinary team is developing the forensic toolkit to find life in the universe, inside the Solar System and outside of it, on planets and moons orbiting other stars.

Recent scientific results show that in our galaxy alone there are billions of planets orbiting other suns. After billions of years of evolution on our own Pale Blue Dot and thousands of years of questioning, we finally have the technology in hand to explore other worlds inside and outside of our solar system. The information generated by the search for signs of life on other worlds also helps us understand and safeguard our own planet — our Pale Blue Dot — better.

CSI for the search of life in the universe: CSI explores factors that determine if a planet or moon can host life and how we could find it by bringing together experts from a wide range of disciplines, from sciences, engineering to media who work together with some of the planet’s most talented students at the undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral level. CSI researchers use the latest data from space telescopes, probes to the solar system’s diverse worlds, field and satellite data on our home planet, laboratory studies of terrestrial organisms, and modeling of complex processes from the astronomical to the biological to explore these profound questions. And CSI researchers participate in the development of the next generation of space- and Earth-based facilities to probe ever deeper and

CSI also interprets these results for the widest possible audience, sharing the fascination of science with everyone who is interested in where humankind stands in the quest to understand our place in the cosmos.

“When Carl Sagan began his career in science the search for life on other worlds was not considered a reputable astronomical pursuit. Carl and a handful of other scientists braved the scorn of many of their colleagues to break that taboo.

How I wish I could tell him that the institute that bears his name is a vibrant collective of scientists who continue the searching that he and others began. CSI is innovating new strategies in this quest. I am certain that he would be proud and humbled that they do so in his name.

  by Ann Druyan (Nov 2018)


The Carl Sagan Institute was founded in 2015 at Cornell University to find life in the universe and explore other worlds – how they form, evolve and if they could harbor life both inside and outside of our own Solar System. Directed by astronomer Lisa Kaltenegger, the Institute has built an entirely new research group, spanning 17 departments at Cornell and including more than 30 faculty who focus on a wide range of the search for life in the universe interdisciplinarily.

The research group is embedded in a rich environment of established international interdisciplinary cooperation at Cornell. The Institute’s collaboration brings together researchers from fields as far apart as astrophysics, engineering, earth and atmospheric science, geology and biology to tackle questions as diverse as those about the astronomical context of the emergence of life on Earth, how to find it and what this discovery would mean for humankind.

Monthly CSI coffee hour during the semesters
Carl Sagan Institute Coffee hour is held every second Thursday of the month at 1:30pm to lively discuss new research topics in an open interdisciplinary environment. Let Jill know, if you would like to join the discussion (and/or become a CSI member).

The Inauguration of the Carl Sagan Institute, a journey to discovered and undiscovered worlds, was held on May 9, 2015, from 9 am to 6 pm at Kennedy Hall, Cornell University. You can watch the talks here:

Have you wondered…what it was like to find the first exoplanets around dead stars and Sun-like stars? What huge obstacles had to be overcome to launch the groundbreaking Kepler mission? What are the limits of extreme life on Earth? What the newest Kepler results tell us about planets and our place in the universe? How the “origins of life” question connects to the search for exoplanets?

On May 9th, hundreds of people came to Cornell to find out answers to these questions, and more. They were part of the excitement of the search for planets around other stars and the question of whether we are alone in the universe. The day featured inspiring international speakers talking about the challenges and excitement of their search for the first exoplanets, as well as the newest results of the search for Pale Blue Dots. Participants had an opportunity to ask questions and view 3D exoplanet projections and a Lego mock-up showing how transit search really works.


In the morning session, speakers shared their discoveries of the first new worlds and what it took to get Kepler off the ground. In the afternoon, speakers looked toward the future, considering the origins and extremes of life and Kepler’s newest results. See videos of the talks here:

Morning (9 am – noon)

9:00 Welcome
9:20 Pale Blue Dot and Beyond
Ann Druyan (Writer/Producer)

9:45 Holy Toledo! Is That a Planet?
Dave Latham, Harvard-Smithsonian CfA

10:10 A Graveyard Resurrected Star & Its 2nd Chance Planet
Alex Wolszczan, Penn State Univ.
10:30 coffee break

11:00 Some Planets Like It Hot
Didier Queloz, Univ. Cambridge, UK

11:25 Kepler: Pushing a Rock Uphill & Watching It Roll Down
Bill Borucki, NASA AMES

12:00 – 2pm Lunch break
Afternoon (2 pm – 6 pm)

2:00 Planets for Goldilocks & Kepler’s Discoveries
Natalie Batalha, NASA AMES

2:25 Four Suspects to Search for Life in Our Solar System
Jonathan Lunine, Cornell

2:50 Life in the Cosmos: What Does It Take?
Dimitar Sasselov, Harvard

3:10 coffee break

3:40 From Extremophiles to Star Trek:
The Use of Synthetic Biology in Astrobiology
Lynn Rothschild, NASA AMES

4:05 Exploring Pale Blue Dots in the Night Sky
Lisa Kaltenegger, Cornell

4:30 Panel of speakers – ask your questions
Moderator Steve Squire, Cornell

6pm end of the event


Ann Druyan (writer/producer), David Latham (Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, astronomer), Aleksander Wolszczan (director, Center for Exoplanets & Habitable Worlds, Pennsylvania State University), Didier Queloz (Cambridge University, astronomer),  Bill Borucki (NASA Ames, PI Kepler Mission), Natalie Bathala (NASA Ames, Kepler mission scientist), Jonathan Lunine (director, Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University), Dimitar Sasselov (director, Harvard Origins of Life Initiative), Lynn Rothschield (NASA Ames, evolutionary biologist), Lisa Kaltenegger (director, Institute for Pale Blue Dots, Cornell University)


  1. all the success in the world in this project.

  2. Vassilis Charmandaris March 24, 2015 at 4:13 pm

    As an ex-resident of 106 Space Sciences Bldg. I send you my best wishes for yet another exciting project to be started at Cornell. What an inspiring name for the Institute! Consider an unlimited supply of bagels at CTB for the person who came up with it…

  3. Vatsal Panwar May 9, 2015 at 6:02 pm

    Please correct the name of the webpage when it is accessed. It says “Caral Sagan Institute” instead of “Carl Sagan Institute”.

  4. Best wishes for success! Carl Sagan is one of my heroes.

  5. Sail on bright star… and best fortune with this wonderful endeavor!

  6. Great! I can’t wait for the moment when we’ll finely find that other blue dot.

  7. Andriz Vegas López May 19, 2015 at 8:54 pm

    Hi Lisa, I’ve seen many videos of you, all of it related with astronomy. There is the ‘share-passion-speaking’ in the way you speak about it —as Sagan did—.

    Congrats. My best wishes for you with the Carl Sagan Institute. Someday I will be part of it!

  8. Looks like a great initiative. Is there a way I could be notified over email of new web posts? Thanks in advance and all the best!

  9. Carl Sagan has been a major influence on my artwork. As an artist, who also has an interest in astronomy and planetary science, I love to find ways to combine the two passions. I currently have exhibit in the Eastern Florida State Planetarium art gallery, “Visions of the Cosmos”, that honors the memory of Carl through art.

    This PDF docent brochure contains images of all the works in the exhibit along with descriptions of their meaning:

    This is the official press release for the exhibition:

    I would love to hear feedback and comments.
    Thank you!

  10. A followup and update to my last post: Due to its popularity, the “Visions of the Cosmos” art exhibition in the Eastern Florida State Planetarium art gallery, in Cocoa, Florida, has been extended two more months to August 13, 2016 (it was to end on June 11th). This exhibition contributes to STEAM program goals (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Math) and it functions to foster interest an in science through art. I am conducting a series of personal docent tours in which I share my perspectives on both astronomy and painting (as well as several concepts that blend the two). I believe this is in alignment with the part of CSI’s mission statement that says: “CSI also interprets these results for the widest possible audience, sharing the fascination of science with everyone who is interested in where humankind stands in the quest to understand our place in the cosmos.” I am honored to contribute in some small way to this goal.

Comments are closed.